Category : PRESUMPTION

PACKAGE DEAL

PACKAGE DEAL

PACKAGE DEAL – Assuming that properties which are traditionally or usually related must necessarily be grouped together and cannot be separated. The Package Deal fallacy is common in several types of informal arguments. It can be seen in politics as…

0 Comments / 32 View / April 17, 2015

nirvana

NIRVANA

NIRVANA – Comparing an imperfect realistic idea with a perfect idealistic one.  Consider the following arguments: (1) If drugs were illegal people would get them anyway (2) If prostitution were illegal people would do it anyway (3) If abortion were…

0 Comments / 18 View / April 9, 2015

ignorance

IGNORANCE

APPEAL TO IGNORANCE – Inferring that an assertion is true simply because it has not been proven false.  With the Appeal to Ignorance, absence of evidence is confused for evidence of absence. The burden of proof should lie with the…

0 Comments / 2 View / April 9, 2015

circular reasoning

CIRCULAR REASONING

CIRCULAR REASONING – Assuming what you are trying to prove in the premise.  Circular Reasoning fails because unless the opponent already accepts the conclusion they will not accept the premise – so they will not be convinced of the conclusion….

0 Comments / 44 View / April 9, 2015

false dilemma

FALSE DILEMMA

FALSE DILEMMA – Presenting a limited set of options when at least one more possibility exists.  When only two options are presented this is known as a False Dichotomy. (Sometimes referred to as black-and-white thinking). False Dichotomy is the most common…

0 Comments / 34 View / April 9, 2015